If you want to use hydroponic systems and like them, you have to know about hydroponic grow room. How to set up the grow room and how to choose the tools for this type of growing.
A grow room refers to an interior space that is entirely fit with indoor gardening.
A grow room, in other words, is a place that has been designed and built to be used for interior farming.
It is usually completely sealed from the outdoors, aside from strategic ventilation.
Grow rooms (as hydroponic grow room) can be small, such as a spare bedroom or converted garage, or they can be quite massive operations.
Commercial grow rooms are often called plant factories, indoor gardens, or indoor farms.
A grow room differs from a greenhouse, which isn’t completely sealed, and also differs from a grow tent, which can be thought of as a portable grow room.
In this post you will learn how to build a grow room in a garage or any empty space in your house.
So, What Is The Growroom?
A growroom or growth chamber is a room of any size where plants are grown under controlled conditions.
The reasons for utilizing a grow room are infinite. Some seek to avoid the criminal repercussions of growing illicit cultivars, while others simply have no choice for indoor growing.
In controlled grow rooms plants can be grown with the use of grow lights, sunlight, or a combination of the two.
Due to the heat generated by high power lights, grow rooms will often become extremely hot relative to the temperature spectrum ideal for plant growth, often requiring the use of a supplemental ventilation fan.
The plants in a grow room can be grown in soil, or without soil via means such as hydroponics, and aeroponics.
Growing in a soilless medium (hydroponic indoor systems) cost-efficiently, but sometimes one also gets a much higher yield, as well as faster fruit maturation.
Lighting In Growroom
The three most popular kinds of artificial lighting for indoor growing are:
- High-intensity discharge lamps (the most prevalent for this application being: sodium-vapor lamps for flowering and metal halide lamps for growing),
- Compact fluorescent lamps,
- Traditional fluorescent lamps.
Full-spectrum indoor LED grow lights are becoming more common in grow rooms due to their low energy conditions and very low heat output.
Ventilation In Grow Room
As a controlled environment, grow rooms offer many advantages over outdoor options.
But as we mentioned grow lighting LEDs produce large heat which can kill plants. So outwardly adequate ventilation, the plants may consume resources, like oxygen and carbon dioxide, faster than they can be replenished.
Adequate gas exchange is essential for optimal plant growth. Ventilation is also an important process for keeping an optimal temperature for plant growth.
Advanced grow rooms even include air conditioning to keep running temperatures down, as well as CO2 to increase the plant’s growth rate.
Read also: 10 Best Hydroponic Gardens and Kits
Read also: What Is The Hydroponic Grow Room?
How to Setup a Hydroponic Grow Room
Below you will see how you can design and setup a growroom for hydroponic using:
- Diamond Lightite Sheeting
Whether you are using indoor gardening systems or other growing systems, you have to create your own sun.
For that, the first step in developing a successful hydroponic grow room is to guarantee you get the best light return from your grow lights.
- Hydroponic Nutrients
Nutrients are one of the primary ingredients of any hydroponic system.
With hydroponics systems, the farmer (gardener) has entire control over the implementation of fertilizer, concerning type and concentration.
Whilst also holding the ability to immediately monitor and maintain consistency.
The combination of the nutrients is critical, and there are over 20 ingredients that are needed for a plant to grow.
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are absorbed from the air and water.
- Automatic pH dosing pump
Accurate pH control is a crucial part of a hydroponics system. Acidity has a strong influence on the absorbability and solubility of several elements.
Besides, acidity has considerable influence on the structure, analysis of organic substances, and microbe life.
- CO2 Enrichment
Carbon dioxide is used by plants in the photosynthesis process, or the conversion of water, atmospheric carbon dioxide, and light in the plant’s chloroplasts into food energy, with oxygen as a byproduct.
Resins and saps in the plant’s stem and branches then transmit this food around the plant to promote growth, proliferation, and prevention of disease.
If you boost your plants with extra CO2 , that can increase your yields and growth by up to 20%
Ducting is a simple, cost-efficiently way to combine your fans and filters to help provide the ventilation your grow room needs.
- Carbon Filters
Indoor grow rooms can often produce unwanted odors, the first step in ensuring good environmental control is by using high-quality carbon filters.
- Air Filters
As an additional protection for environmental odor control, air filters must be used to clean any remaining odors from the ventilation system.
- Hydroponics Monitor
Monitoring pH, Temp˚C, EC and TDS providing precise, stable readings you can rely on.
Optimizing these important parameters in a plant growing phase helps ensure flourishing growth.
- External Odour Control
There are times when despite using the most suitable techniques to remove odor from your ventilation they persist and in these cases, a further level of odor control is required.
- Ventilation System
- Having manual control over your intake and exhaust airflow is crucial.
- If the temperature is getting too hot in the grow then the ventilation needs to be increased,
- If it is getting too cold then the ventilation needs to be decreased.
CO2 Enrichment In Hydroponics
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) enrichment is a proven, efficient, and successful means of massively boosting the growth rate of any green plant.
Standard air contains CO2 at a rate of around 200-400 ppm, by increasing the CO2 levels to around 1400ppm, you can potentially increase your yield by 30%!
The process of photosynthesis combines CO2 and water to form sugars and free oxygen. So CO2 plays a crucial role in energy production in plants.
What is the point of using CO2?
By increasing the CO2 levels in your hydroponic grow room, the plant can more accessibly create energy and more complex plant parts such as carbohydrates, amino acids, protein, cellulose, leaves, roots, branches, and flowers.
As the airflow in a contained grow room is limited, plants can waste the CO2 and cause slow plant development.
Carbon dioxide is an essential element for the photosynthesis process and can be somewhat ignored by newer producers.
You can ignore the importance of CO2 because of being odorless, invisible, and only a small fraction of our atmosphere.
Additionally, its roles may be thoroughly understood by fresh gardeners. CO2 often doesn’t get the same attention as nutrients, lights, and other plant-growth factors.
The use of CO2 enrichment to raise yields, quality, and growth rates under hydroponic production.
And it is widely used in commercial greenhouse horticulture and has an even greater potential in enclosed growing spaces.
While simply pumping in some additional CO2 may seem like an outspoken option, the use of this technology is a little more complex if its potential is to be maximized.
Plant tissue contains an average of 45% carbon that comes entirely from CO2. By boosting CO2 levels surrounding the leaf surface.
Above ambient levels, the rate of photosynthesis increases up until the point where some other factor, such as the speed at which plant enzymes will work, is reached.
Essentially, the transfer of CO2 from the surrounding air to the reaction centers in the leaf chloroplasts depends both on:
The concentration difference between the air and these sites,
And the intervening biochemical resistance in various leaf tissues.
This indicates that while CO2 enhancement will increase photosynthesis, there reaches a point where further increases will not occur, and plant damage becomes a possibility.
Learning this optimal level of CO2 enrichment for a particular plant or stage of growth is where the utilization of CO2 requires some careful thought.
Carbon dioxide enhancement has become more common in recent years, especially with hydroponic growers using a range of low- and high-tech options to boost CO2 levels.
The most common methods of generating CO2 include burning hydrocarbon fuels and the use of compressed, bottled CO2.
Smaller growers with limited growing space can use dry ice (solid, very cold CO2) which releases CO2 as it “melts” under warm conditions.
Carbon dioxide enrichment is a worthwhile tool for indoor and greenhouse farmers.
It is well proven in a wide range of crop species to increase growth rates and yields.
However, as with most high-tech systems, it requires monitoring, care detail, and careful consideration of the effect on biochemical processes.
If CO2 is to be used at maximum performance, correct rates of treatment, adjustments to light and temperature, the timing of enrichment, and consequences of CO2 acclimation all need consideration.
Read on Guide To Solutions:
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- Nutrient Solutions for Hydroponic Systems: Hydroponic Nutrients Guide
- Best Growing Support Materials for Hydroponics
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydroponic Farming
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